These fascinating dragon-like animals can measure between 1.5 meters and 1.8 meters, and weigh between 7 and 10 kilograms.
The iguana as a pet or bred in captivity is better suited to the human environment.
The fact that you feel safe from a young age will practically be a guarantee that you don’t have any kind of aggressiveness.
In some cases they can live more than 20 years, although the usual average is around 7 to 8 years.
When it comes to distinguishing the sex of our iguana, a fact that can be difficult when they are younger.Difficult.We must keep in mind that the male has more developed spines, jowls and more prominent scales and bulges in the ventral base of the tail called hemipenes.
Iguanas are herbivorous reptiles. We should never feed them animal protein. (Crickets, Chicken, etc). We must provide calcium to the iguana feed, as it grows very quickly. Now I will inform you of some of the foods that we advise you to feed your iguana: Lettuce, escarole, spinach, dandelion, cabbage, broccoli, tomato, cauliflower, zucchini, celery, leek, onion and cucumber. Fruit can be given: Papaya, Melon, banana, watermelon, orange, apricot, grape, cherry, apple, pineapple, pear. You can give them flowers: Rosa, Alfalfa, watercress, geranium for example. Today there is a wide variety of food for canned or granulated iguanas on the market. Let’s avoid giving foods that are acidic.
Habitah for Iguanas
These animals need a spacious place where they can exercise and move freely, since as we have said before, their size in adulthood will be considerable.
The temperature of the terrarium should not be below 25 degrees, for this we can use cold weather bulbs such as winter and autumn light bulbs, plate or thermal cables that will help maintain the optimal temperature of the terrarium. Sunlight is essential for a better quality of life of the animal, in any case, if it is limited, we must incorporate a UVB lamp.
A container with water will help the environment to acquire the level of humidity required by this reptile, also facilitates the baths that the iguana needs daily. Artificial plants and tree trunks are a good option to simulate their natural environment, especially so they can climb and rest as they do in the wild. The caves are useful insofar as they keep the animal in more intimate and safe places, they certainly avoid stress, which has a positive impact on their health.
The terrarium floor should be conditioned with special substrates for reptiles: moss, bark, coconut fiber…. Sand and some absorbent materials such as those made for cats are not advisable, as they can digest them and cause digestive problems.
The health of this animal will depend largely on the care and dedication that we provide daily. Adequate humidity and light, as well as a balanced diet rich in nutrients are essential. Access to natural or artificial UV-B rays of light will greatly contribute to your physical and psychological health, since they will correctly absorb calcium.
The most common diseases of this reptile and of necessary control are: renal, parasites, ecstasy of eggs (they cannot leave), loss of tail and fracture of fingers, problems with the change of the skin and aggression between males. The veterinarian of choice is recommended for reptile maintenance.
In captivity it is a difficult task to achieve the reproduction of the pet iguana, unless we have enough space and means for this purpose. They reach sexual maturity after three years of life. Gestation lasts around 60 or 100 days, the eggs are deposited inside the sand, the number is variable between 10 and 60. Hatching occurs after 90 to 120