The leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) is a species of gecko of the Eublepharidae family.1 They live mainly in the semi-desert regions of the Middle East, from Iran to Pakistan. It is a species widely used as a pet for its ease of breeding and captive maintenance in the terrarium.
Its total size is about 15-30 cm, the tail being one third of the total length. They are characterized, like all geckos of the genus Eublepharis, for having complete and mobile eyelids. They have a robust, elongated body, with strong limbs and adapted to the terrestrial life, finished in 5 fingers. Leopard geckos lack the classic lamellas or adhesive pads of the fingers that other geckos have to climb smooth surfaces and even walk upside down through a glass, so leopard geckos do not have this climbing ability. Another typical feature is the pattern of dark macules (spots) on an orange-yellow background (their patterns are infinite and unique in the world) (hence the vulgar name of leopard gecko). Its skin is smooth irregularly dotted with tubular scales. Not so in newborn geckos, whose color pattern consists of a banded like that of a wasp; although with the growth immediately the black bands spread in the form of the characteristic ‘leopardino’ points of the adults. The colors and forms in captivity are diverse and varied due to successive crosses and genetic selection of breeders.